The Faculty of Sciences was licensed in 1996 by the Lebanese government, eight years after the founding of the University of Balamand (UOB). Computer Science and Mathematics were the first two departments in the Faculty where the former offered an undergraduate degree program in Computer Science and the latter served various departments of the Faculty of Engineering. Shortly afterwards, the Department of Computer Science offered a Master of Science degree and became one of the largest departments at UOB, counting over 150 students towards the end of 1999. The Departments of Biology, Chemistry and Environmental Sciences were established in 2001, upon the launching of the Faculty of Medicine and Medical Sciences, and all offered undergraduate degrees, which included premedical studies. With this new orientation, the number of students in the Faculty doubled within one year. The Department of Physics is still providing service courses to students of Sciences, Health Sciences and Engineering. Since its instigation, research has been a primary activity at the Faculty of Sciences, and all faculty members are involved in research activities, a large majority of which is regularly published in peer-reviewed international journals and conferences. Presently, the Faculty offers MSc programs in all its departments and has collaborative PhD projects (co-tutorships) in Biology, Chemistry, Environmental Sciences and Physics, with leading European universities. In 2007, the Farid & Daad Karam Reserve, a 60,000-m2 nature reserve located in Kaftoon (al-Kurah) and donated to UOB by Dr Farid Karam, joined the Faculty of Sciences to become the largest green laboratory in Lebanon. Today, Sciences offers over twenty degree-granting programs, with close to 400 students enrolled in the various programs and over 60 faculty and staff members serving in its six departments.